The research into copper’s effectiveness has been going on for more than ten years, and all point to its effectiveness.

Here are just a few examples of the clinical research papers:

Copper Surfaces Reduce the Rate of Healthcare-Acquired Infections in the Intensive Care Unit.

Cassandra D Salgado, MD; Kent A Sepkowitz, MD; Joseph F John, MD; J Robert Cantey, MD; Hubert H Attaway, MS; Katherine D Freeman, DrPH; Peter A Sharpe, MBA; Harold T Michels, PhD; Michael G Schmidt, PhD. ICHE, Vol. Vol. 34, No. 5, 2013.,

Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology , Vol. 34, No. 5, Special Topic Is sue: The Role of the Environment in Infection Prevention (May 2013), pp. 479- 486.

Human Coronavirus 229E Remains Infectious on Common Touch Surface Materials. Warnes SL, Little ZR, Keevil CW. 2015. Human coronavirus 229E remains infectious on common touch surface materials.

American Society for Microbiology 6(6):e01697-15. November 2015

Antimicrobial Properties of Copper in Gram-Negative and Gram-Positive Bacteria. Meyer, T.J.

International Journal of Biological, Biomolecular, Agricultural, Food and Bio technological Engineering. Vol:9, No:3. , 2015

Copper for the Prevention of Outbreaks of Health Care–Associated Infections in a Long-term Care Facility for Older Adults.

S Zerbib, L Vallet, A Muggeo, C de Champs, A Lefebvre, D Jolly, L Kanagaratnam. JAMDA, , February 2019

The Role of Copper Surfaces in Reducing the Incidence of Healthcare-associated infections: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

Ignacio Pineda, Richard Hubbard,Francisca Rodríguez.

Canadian Journal of Infection Control, Spring 2017

Potential of Copper Alloys to Kill Bacteria and Reduce Hospital Infection Rates.

Harold T. Michels and Corinne A. Michels

Internal Medicine Review, March 2017

For a more complete bibliogrpahy of the available stuides attesting to copper’s effectiveness, go to and look for the research links.